The Constitution as Social Design
Gender and Civic Membership in the American Constitutional Order
The Constitution as Social Design focuses on gender and civic membership in American constitutional politics from the adoption of the Nineteenth Amendment through Second Wave Feminism. It examines how American civic membership is gendered, and how the terms of civic membership available to men and women shape their political identities, aspirations, and behavior. The book also explores the dynamics of American constitutional development through a focus on civic membership—a legal and political construct at the heart of the constitutional order.
This is a book about gender politics and constitutional development, and about what each of these can tell us about the other. It considers the options and choices faced by women’s rights activists in the United States as they voiced their claims for civic inclusion from Reconstruction through Second Wave Feminism, and it makes evident the limits of liberal citizenship for women.
Published by Stanford University Press
Praise for The Constitution as Social Design
Ritter successfully argues that seeing the constitution as social design rather than merely a charer for rights allows us to reinterpret the meaning of citizenship. This book is a significant contribution to gender studies, constitutional history, and U.S. political development.
— Julie Novkov, University of Oregon